Casters 101: A Quick Tutorial: Wheel Materials

Chapter 3 of the Apollo Caster learning guide. Keep in mind, you can always call for assistance.
Tutorial Chapters:

Lesson 3: Wheel Materials
Here is some quick information on the wheel materials availble by caster type and considerations of each. Clicking on a picture will take you to a product listing. At that point, use the product filters to select the wheel material.
For more detailed information go to our Caster Wheel Materials page.
ball-caster ball-caster
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Ball Casters wheel material options
  • Metal tread: Good for carpet, chair mats and other durable floors.
  • Rubber tread: Use with linoleum, vinyl, marble, tile and floors that require protection.
  • twin-wheel-caster
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    Twin Wheel Casters Wheel Materials
  • Nylon: Most economical type. Good for carpet, chair mats and other durable floors. Not floor protective.
  • Polyurethane: Softer than nylon and safe for use with hardwood, laminate, linoleum, vinyl, marble, tile and floors that require some TLC. Slightly higher price point than nylon.
  • Thermoplasticized Rubber (TPR): Softer yet than polyurethane, very quiet, and safe for use with hardwood, laminate linoleum, vinyl, marble, tile and similar floors. Commonly used in institutional settings. Close in price to poly.
  • spherical-caster
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    Spherical Casters wheel materials
  • Polyolefin tread: Economical, hard, non-marking. Best for carpet and durable floors. Available for the 2" ball size. By their design, spherical wheels concentrate the weight. As a result, they can leave grooves in soft floorts.
  • Rubber tread: Softer, quieter and better with hard floors. Available for the smaller 1-5/8" ball size.
  • single-wheel-caster
    Single wheel casters offer a wide choice of materials
  • Rubbers, TPR, and Polyurethane are softer materials providing for non-marking, quiet-running, and floor protective casters.
  • Nylon, polyolefin, phenolic are harder materials with higher weight capacities. Also non-marking and less quiet with higher weight capacity.
  • Cast iron and steel are for higher workloads in industrial applications.
  • Pneumatic, semi-pneumatic, foam-filled wheels provide easy rolling and shock absorbing casters over rough terrain.
  • V-groove and flanged wheels are typically cast iron or steel and used in specific applications.



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